Why do people drink alcohol?

Updated: September 2021
Estimated Reading Time:  6 Minutes

A lot of people struggle with alcohol. It is the most widely-available habit-forming substance in the world. Many people either wish to reduce or stop drinking completely. Most are able to provide a long list of reasons as to why they should stop drinking but many simply cannot stop or moderate no matter the circumstance. Here is a list of the common reasons behind the compulsive behaviour.

Stress & Alcohol

Many remark that they drink alcohol due to stress, and it’s hard to blame them. There aren’t many substances in the world that can yield a significant change of physical and mental state as quickly as alcohol. And with Alcohol being legal, socially acceptable and hugely popular across the world, it’s little wonder so many people reach for it when they are feeling stressed.

We all know someone, either from work or our personal lives, who will say something to the effect of:

“I can’t wait to go home tonight and put my feet up with a glass of wine – today has been stressful and horrible.”

The problem with using alcohol to decrease stress is that the effect is often only short term, and that it’s consumption is more likely to yield significant stress in the long term.

Cortisol & Alcohol Consumption

On a biological level, studies have shown increased levels of the stress hormone, ‘cortisol’ in consistent drinkers (1). Consistently high cortisol levels can cause health problems in the long term. Newer research is beginning to suggest, for example, that long term inflammation, caused by high cortisol, could be the reason why some suffer from depression (2).

Most drinkers will acknowledge that the perceived benefits of stress reduction granted by alcohol will only be short term.

Alcohol’s effect on sleeping provides a good example of this. Alcohol has been shown to help you get to sleep (a short term benefit), but the quality of the sleep is negatively impacted. One study showed increased sleep disruptions in the second half of sleeping after alcohol was consumed prior to bed (3). Sleep disruptions will always have a long term negative influence on your overall health.

Another Example:

How people many will drink a little too much, or go over the top and wake feeling lethargic, embarrassed or depressed due to the drinking antics of the night before? Many drinkers will wake up worried, embarrassed and concertain about their behaviour at the work Crhistmas party the night before. The potential negative consequences due to being drunk at such events can no doubt cause significantly more stress in the long term.

Social Anxiety

Just like people who drink to ease their stress, those who suffer from social anxiety are more likely to be drinkers, too. A study in 2010 showed that 28% of people who are diagnosed with social anxiety disorder exhibit problem drinking characteristics (4).

Alcohol has been studied for its effects on the brain’s prefrontal cortex, and it has been shown to have inhibitory reducing effects. This part of the brain has been associated with social behaviour (5).

People with anxious, insecure or nervous traits are naturally going to experience  the short term confidence-yielding benefits more significantly than people who don’t exhibit the same characteristics. This is why drinking alcohol can become so habitual for nervous or socially anxious people. What starts out as a casual drink, can end up becoming a problematic habit.

Emotional Pain

There are some addiction specialists that believe that people who drink alcohol to excess consistently are often using it to deal with emotional pain. The connection doesn’t need to be obvious to the drinker either. Dr Gabor Mate is one such specialist. He believes that problem drinking is nearly always caused by some form of emotional pain.

Not all addictions are rooted in abuse or trauma, but I do believe they can all be traced to painful experiences. A hurt is at the centre of all addictive behaviours. It is present in the gambler, the Internet addict, the compulsive shopper and the workaholic. The wound may not be as deep and the ache not as excruciating, and it may even be entirely hidden—but it’s there. As we’ll see, the effects of early stress or adverse experiences directly shape both the psychology and the neurobiology of addiction in the brain.”

― Gabor Maté, In the Realm of Hungry Ghosts: Close Encounters with Addiction

There are other specialists that disagree with Gabor Mate such as Dr Stanton Peele (6). In any case, research does seem to suggest that if you’ve suffered from trauma, or painful experiences, you are more likely to drink alcohol in a negative way (7).

If you can’t understand why you drink alcohol and find yourself continually turning to it as a mechanism to deal with day to day life, you may have a problem. If you’re aware you have a drinking problem, please speak to a medical professional or specialist to help you decide what your next  move should be.

If you’re looking at alcohol rehabilitation programs, and would like more information about us here at Refocus, please don’t hesitate to get in touch with our friendly and understanding team. We are a private alcohol rehab program where individuals get their own private rooms, high quality food, structured day programs, counselling and time to get well again. We are located less than 5km from Melbourne CBD.

Please call Barbara Kustra and her team on (03) 9537 0880 if you have questions.

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